What Drives Jaguar?

Last year we had a monthly theme on engines. I would like to return to this topic with the aim of understanding Jaguar’s engine line-up. 

2015 Jaguar XJ frolicking in the snows of Warwickshire: jaguar.co.uk
2015 Jaguar XJ frolicking in the snows of Warwickshire: jaguar.co.uk

Jaguar has five basic models. Those are the XE, XF and XJ (saloons), F-Type and F-Pace. Is that a good naming system, I idly wonder. F-Pace seems not to fit in. It makes the F in F-Type somewhat meaningless as there was no E-Pace or D-Pace. I digress.

Starting with the XE, we read here that it has a petrol four, a diesel four and a petrol V6. The petrol four pot engines are available in two flavours, 200 and 240 PS. The diesels come as 163 and 180 PS. A 3.0 litre supercharged petrol V6 offers 340 PS and is only available as an automatic. So, that’s three engines for the XE.

The XF has a 2.0 litre diesel 163 and 180 PS diesel, a 3.0 V6 diesel with 300 PS and a 3.0 V6 petrol with 380 PS. I count three basic  engines there, fewer than I expected.

2015 Jaguar F-Pace: Jaguar.co.uk
2015 Jaguar F-Pace: Jaguar.co.uk

The XJ: “XJ redefines what a luxury car should be. It’s a dramatic combination of beauty, luxury and power. It provides agility and delivers a refreshingly dynamic driving experience. For the passenger, the cabin is built for stretching out and relaxing.” That’s what Coventry say. We find the XJ engine range extends from a 3.0 litre V6 diesel engine, with 300PS, on to a 3.0 litre V6 340PS supercharged petrol and then a supercharged 5.0 litre V8s offering 510 PS and 550 PS. That’s three basic engines. Isn’t it odd the XJ´s V6 has less power than the XF´s?

Now the F-Type. The 3.0 V6 with 340 is there in the base model. The same engine turns up with 380 PS in the S and all-wheel drive versions. The V8 inhabits the R version and the R-AWD. No new engines here then.

And the same goes for the F-Pace. This has a 2.0 litre diesel with 180 PS, a 3.0 litre diesel V6 with 300 PS and a 3.0 V6 petrol with 380 PS. The top model is called First Edition (a term borrowed from book collecting) and has the same 300 PS V6 diesel found down the range. Funnily, Jaguar term their entry level models Prestige. They have an odd way of using that word. Ask Citroen, for example who used that label on their long wheelbase CX many hundreds of months ago. Maybe ‘cachet’ would have been a suitably vague-sounding word that would have saved using ‘prestige’ on Jaguar’s least prestigious variants.

Boiling that lot down we find Jaguar is not spoiling its customers for choice when it comes to engines. You could say that what matters is the right engines not providing for lots of underpowered or overpowered models few will choose. I would say the XF is underserved though: just three units? Five would be more like it. The 2.0 petrol could be popped in and perhaps the V6 could have a 2.5 litre variant (Ford’s Duratec – I wonder would that do?). That said, there’s always demand for a 1.8 four cylinder in the XE class. Soon I will turn to BMW and Audi and see how they are doing it…

Author: richard herriott

I like anchovies. I dislike post-war town planning.

8 thoughts on “What Drives Jaguar?”

  1. It’s said that 9 out of 10 executive cars in Europe are sold with a 4 banger diesel. So you could say that Jaguar is being ruthlessly pragmatic. It’s also said that Jaguar was surprised by higher than expected orders for petrol XEs in Europe.

    JLR’s engines are behind the curve. The Ingenium 4 cylinder diesel has just been launched, but seems merely competitive, not class-leading. The Ingenium petrol is yet to be released, and the larger, Ford-derived engines are all long in the tooth. Electrification is promised but all we’ve seen so far is the very expensive diesel hybrid for the Range Rover – is this even on sale still?

    I don’t know if Ingenium is to become a modular family of engines, perhaps growing into a straight six (yes please!) and V8, but I am sure that JLR need to do something.

  2. I read somewhere that the Ingenium family will grow to replace all the current units. Given the slightly less than enthusiastic noises coming from the press, and rather “yesterday” power outputs, I’m not sure that is necessarily a good thing. I think we have to remember that JLR as a whole has recently been on a massive product splurge and investment levels have been eye-watering, but still less than those that VAG/ BMW/ Mercedes or even Toyota have to spend. Developing powertrains is the most difficult and money consuming thing of all to do, let alone get right. It is somewhat to the current management’s credit that we are all so enthusiastically expecting Jaguar to be so competitive so quickly having had to build a new platform and engine family from scratch. I expect it will need another 10-15 years of sustained investment by the company to get to anything like a truly level playing field. At least for now, the one thing that they can get right using the experience and resources already on board, the chassis’s handling and ride balance, seems to be quite outstanding.

    Just on the 2.5l V6 petrol Duratec, I suspect that it may no longer make sense from an emissions/ power trade-off, and also that JLR wants to stop paying Ford licensing charges (at present it is paying the depreciation of the immense capital sunk into Ingenium AND through the nose for every Ford-sourced/ based engine that it fits into the nose of one of its cars).

    The one surprise to me is that there is no 4.4l V8 diesel in the XJ (the Range Rover offers one) – but then, maybe prospective volumes make it just not worth the extra development costs. That has the potential to be a rather lovely and quite efficient car – and perfect for those of us lying in wait for a nice second hand bargain.

  3. The latest issue of Car magazine states that, alongside electrification (and potentially a new ‘E-Pace’ all electric crossover), Ingenium will grow along the 500c-per-cylinder logic already employed by BMW. Adding to the 4 banger engines will be a 3.0 litre straight six and a 4.0 V8 – both available in either petrol or diesel formats.

    1. Jacomo is correct. Ingenium is highly modular. I’ve been told by a source at JLR that in due course there will be a 1.5 litre three cylinder unit and later an ingenium-derived V8. He denied the current existence of an inline 6, (although that has been reported elsewhere) but confirmed the existence of a high-performance version of the existing Ingenium diesel. The removal of all dependence on Ford for power units remains a high priority at JLR. I would expect the roll-out of additional power units once the current engine is bedded in.

    2. Modular I3, V6, I4 and V8 engines make sense because they can share other parts like heads and camshafts, even manifolds maybe (though probably not). But a straight six would have less modularity, unless they’re considering a V12 of course! That’s not to discount the idea, since it might be judged a worthwhile investment as a marketing plus point (I don’t mean that cynically, I’d certainly like to see a straight 6 return).

  4. Eoin- what will Jaguar do with a 3-pot? Hybrid car?
    Do you think anyone will license the engines? Isn’t interesting Tata have bankrolled an engine set when other makers with a bigger turnover still fiddle with decade-old designs? Thoughts?

    1. BMW already have a 1.5 litre triple in the 3-Series, so no reason for Jaguar not to do likewise with XE. But ultimately, it’s set to power a smaller Jag – which I’m told is under development.

      I would imagine the rationale is not only self sufficiency but also perception. It’s difficult to justify high pricing when you buy in your engines. This kind of thing matters in the upper reaches of the market. I would presume the ultimate aim is to attain the kind of volumes that will make this investment self-sustaining. As things stand however, that appears some time off yet.

    2. That was news to me. If BMW have a three pot in a Three then anyone else in that sector can. I used to know this stuff. The smaller car seems unwise. Jaguar need the XE to be on its second generation before they try that.

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