Road Test Retrospective : 1959 Wolseley 15/60

The Farina-bodied BMC saloons would become ubiquitous Sixties fare. We examine an early verdict, courtesy of The Autocar.

Image: zwischengas

Editor’s note: This piece was first published on DTW in January 2019.

The very first of a new generation of Pininfarina-bodied medium saloons from BMC, Wolseley’s 15/60 model was introduced in December 1958 before going on sale in early 1959. This new series would take BMC’s multi-marque strategy to previously unheard of heights (some might choose to invert that statement), with a succession of models quickly following, all sharing identical bodyshells and technical specifications, apart from minor changes to engine tune and detail styling. Widely derided as ‘badge-engineering’, it proved a commercial success for BMC, but one which ultimately came with considerable reputational cost.

The Autocar published its first road test of the 15/60 on 13 March 1959. The test car retailed at £991.7s, including purchase tax. Not (then) noted for sensationalism, The Autocar writer’s style was drier than a chilled glass of Gordon’s gin (other brands are available), but with a little gentle sifting one can discern the level to which their enthusiasm for the car lay.

The 15/60 was powered by a 1489 cc version of BMC’s widely adopted B-series power unit, developing 55 bhp at 4,400 rpm and a useful 82 lb ft at 2,100 rpm. Autocar, who described the engine’s performance as being “up to the well-known standards of this unit”, achieved a heady 79.0 mph maximum velocity, with 60 mph arriving at a relaxed 24.3 seconds from rest; the test team observing that “speed and acceleration, although not outstanding by present day standards, are likely to satisfy…

All images (c) The Autocar

Autocar praised the engine’s flexibility, noting it would pull strongly from as low as 12 mph in top gear. Testers observed the reasonably low noise level from the pushrod powerplant, but pointed out that “it begins to make its presence felt at the top end of the speed range.” Over a period of just over 1,000 miles in dry, overcast Spring conditions, the Wolseley recorded an overall consumption of 27.9 mpg, although it was noted that “with an eye on economy, this could be increased to 35 mpg.

A good example of Autocar pulling its punches was its observation regarding perhaps the most significant mechanical change to that of its Nuffield predecessor. “In the steering layout the 15/60 differs widely from the earlier 15/50 model, which had a very accurate rack and pinion layout; a cam and lever design is now used.” This alteration was a likely consequence of the ascendancy of the Longbridge engineering department over that of Cowley, where the previous car was developed.

It can only have been viewed as a retrograde move, as Autocar tactfully observed. “The new model has some lost motion at the wheel, and on a straight road there is need constantly to be correcting — if only slightly — the direction of the car. This was especially noticeable in places where the car was exposed to strong side winds.” Road behaviour received scant mention, which might suggest there wasn’t all that much of it. “There appeared to be no tendency for the back to slide when cornering vigorously; a degree of understeer is apparent and there is no tyre squeal in normal driving.

However it was suggested that the car’s suspension settings were overly soft and that the car felt underdamped at speed and prone to body roll when laden with a complement of passengers. The ride quality however was praised, testers observing that “on a good surfaced main road at up to 60 mph the ride is comfortable.” One thing they neglected to impart however was exactly to what degree ride and handling departed from acceptability on rougher roads or at higher velocities. Additionally, the Wolseley’s overall refinement was marred, by a “pronounced body drumming” between 60 and 70 mph.

Image: Autocar

As befitting an upmarket nameplate, the Wolseley’s interior came with the trappings of one-upmanship; real leather for the seat facings, polished veneer for the facia and door cappings and deep pile carpeting throughout the cabin. The driving position was praised by the test team, as was the comfort and support from the driver’s perch. The modern design of the main instrumentation, positioned in front of the driver beneath a hooded binnacle failed to prevent screen reflections for taller drivers.

DTW readers will be relieved to learn that the 15/60 came with a standard rear centre arm rest which Autocar cited as being the primary provision of lateral support for rear occupants during spirited cornering. However, marks were lost in the vexed arena of smoking provision, the two door-mounted ashtrays being inconveniently sited. Autocar‘s test team suggested a larger centrally mounted receptacle might have been preferable. A further demerit was levelled at the finish of the stainless steel window frames, the sharp edge of which caused one of the test team to tear the sleeve of his standard auto journalist-issue raincoat.

Image: Autocar

Little mention was made of the Wolseley’s body styling, apart from noting that it was designed by ‘Pinin Farina’; the feeling being that such matters were subjective, and not their purview. Testers confined themselves to practicalities such as observing the “tops of both wings can be seen without the driver having to lean forward and the large rear window gives a view of the upper corners of the tail fins, which is of great value when reversing.” However, it was found that the “new body lines” entailed screen pillars which impeded the driver’s view “at some angles”.

Autocar summarised the car’s appeal as follows. “This latest Wolseley retains the air of well-being associated with its predecessors and none of the criticisms made is of a serious nature. Owners will approve of the bright functional interior and the commanding view afforded by the new style, big windowed body.

Sadly, Archie Vicar’s review of the ’59 Farina saloons appears to be lost to posterity.

Author: Eóin Doyle

Co-Founder. Editor. Content Provider.

50 thoughts on “Road Test Retrospective : 1959 Wolseley 15/60”

  1. Ah, the 60’s, when one could easily find “a good surfaced main road” in the UK…

  2. Ford Falcon Road Test 1960 (1)

    Interesting to compare to the Ford Falcon introduced in 1960. Surprisingly, the Falcon is less than 100 pounds heavier than the Wolseley, despite seeming to be a much larger car with a 6 cylinder engine and an automatic transmission.

    1. The problem with the Falcon was the flimsy tin body. The Oxford was far more rugged. But the existing English Ford Consul and Zephyr sold at the same time as the Falcon in Canada really showed up its flimsiness. You can read more about the difference in ruggedness on Curbside Classics from other colonials like Kiwis and Aussies who also had both Fords. My Dad had a Consul, 92,000 miles, only exhaust systems replaced in six years running in rural Nova Scotia with a lot of gravel roads. Tough old birds. Falcons were like Anglias and Cortinas, thin sheet metal and gasping for relief after four years – disposable things. Sure the Mustang was based on it. They rusted away too.

    2. I think Bill’s right about the flimsy Falcon, it is 100-300 pounds less than similar sized Valiants and Chevy 2 while being similarly sized and equipped.

      BTW for any who are interested, there is a collection of hundreds of car review scans of the 50’s to 90’s from Autocar, Car, Motor.

      Ford Falcon Road Test 1960 (1)
    3. Bill, I’m one of those colonials who has commented at length over at Curbside Classics. Dad had an Oxford Series II, didn’t like the finned model with its Austin underpinnings (he was, er, ‘rather outspoken’ shall we say, about that), and bought a Falcon instead. We didn’t notice the tinniness so much as the fragile front end, which needed a rebuild after four years of life as a commercial traveller’s vehicle. And a replacement engine, a 2.8 to replace the 2.4. It didn’t have much of a chance to rust, as he replaced the car in 1967 with another Falcon, which by then was a larger, stronger car. It soon developed deckled edges, as he could never seemingly get used to the newer car’s bulk.
      My goodness, haven’t we got away from the car under discussion!

  3. It was a bit of an ugger that short-lived first generation Pininfarina load of BMC cars. The tailfins were much too large and bulbous somehow at the same time. Perched up high on a narrow track, it looked a bit gauche. But have no fear! In those days, at least the body was reasonably rugged, and BMC management still had eyes.

    So in 1961 they updated the styling. Unlike most updates, this one looked far far better than the original, and they made it for a decade. I think people forget that it trundled along almost until the Allegro tin box debuted.

    When I went to a rurally located university in autumn 1963, eventually I made a pal in the same year who owned a ’62 Oxford. Both of us were lucky enough to land a summer job at the Physics Dept in 1964. My first job! Money! He was well off but unostentatious – his mother had bought him the car before he sallied forth from the family nest. We motored all over the place that summer, 1622cc of roaring power, emphasize the roaring. In those days, the campus was dead as a doornail in summer, and closed from late April until early September. On his last trip home for a weekend 150 miles away, upon his return, no car! The car had croaked and was in for repair, running extremely roughly.

    Being all of 18, my friend had decided that adjusting tappets would be an enlightening exercise. Armed with the specs from the manual, some feeler gauges and correct wrenches, he did it with engine cold, engine hot, and engine running. The latter was a squirty oily exercise. Must have done it half a dozen times that summer.

    Well, long story short and no surprise, the valves were roasted.

    When we all came back at the beginning of term after 10 days off, I sought him out of course. Blow me down, his Mum had bought him a ’62 Volvo 544 just 18 months old. With a properly located 3 trailing arm and Panhard rod coil spring rear suspension (far superior design to that Riley Ditchinder job, in my view), it both rode and handled better than the dowdy Morris, despite its ancient looks. It had the now legendary B18 twin carb engine. 0 to 60 in 12 seconds instead of eternity, 75 mph in third! Beaten like a dead horse, it went trouble-free until 1968 when his Mum bought him a rocketship Barracuda 340 – a very good car in my opinion. 0 to 60 in six seconds.

    The Oxford Series II had one redeeming feature, carpets instead of the standard rubber floor that so many cars had in those days. Other than that, it was a good family car, not suitable for a teenager who at heart wanted a sports car.

  4. Is it just me, or is there a lot of similarity between the Falcon above and the Victor FB? I hadn’t noticed it before:

    1. Well, lots of both were on our roads as I grew up. Nobody ever confused them; the Falcon was droop-snooted in person and much bigger. It also had more side-scalloping and round tail lights. The Victor looked better, I think.

    2. I think the FB Victor has a much cleaner and less fussy appearance than the Falcon – but hadn’t Gerald Palmer moved to Vauxhall by the time the FB took to the road….?

    3. Gerald Palmer was indeed said to have worked on the Victor FB as well as the Viva HA and HB (with engineers influenced by his IRS work for the FD and FE), IMHO those models provide yet another window to how BMC could have replaced the Farina B and A40 Farina/Minor.

      Thinking about it further as Palmer would have been somewhat aware of what Alec Issigonis was up to, is it possible he also had a hand in the pre-Viva FWD project known as 1-litre XP-714? That would differ from Palmer’s own FWD transverse small car vision involving a 900cc 90-degree V4 SV engine.

  5. Given the similarity in styling theme to that of Lancia’s 1957 Flaminia and the Peugeot 404 from 1960, it can be said without fear that the BMC cars were the least successful from a visual perspective. The primary reason, as far as I can see is that the body appears to be draped over underpinnings which predate it, meaning the wheelbase appears too short, the rear overhang too long and the wheel tracks too narrow.

    Peugeot got the better deal from Pininfarina it would seem, or perhaps the Italians were allowed more autonomy than Lord Lord would allow. The 404 simply looked right from day one and tellingly, required no mid-life (or in the case of the BMC cars) early life facelift.

    These ‘Farina’ saloons were ubiquitous in Ireland when I was growing up – Cambridges and Oxfords in the main. Mechanically very durable, the bodies however rotted with staggering enthusiasm. particularly in the perennially damp conditions which predominate here. The A60 was made until around 1971, if I recall – largely as a consequence of the Maxi debacle. The Marina which succeeded it was never a particularly popular car in Ireland. The taxi drivers and farmers who made up the bulk of the customer base had migrated to Ford by then and later, Toyota/Datsun.

    Still, I have vivid memories of seeing these on rural roads into the early ’80s, bouncing along on shot dampers, the bootlid strapped down with bailing twine, rust eating away the bodyshell’s integrity, but still smoking in something approximating a straight line.

    1. And the Omega of this styling theme, the last car produced to reprise the headlights, grille, roofline, and fins. Those Hong Kong Farina taxis imparted a strong memory.
      The 2015 Hongqi L5 Limousine.

    2. Another car likely influenced by the Pininfarina styling themes originally used on Lancia was the Daihatsu Compagno.

    3. Isuzu Bellel (at least from the front

      Triumph Zebu (a later development of an enlarged Herald inspired theme.

    4. Those are some very nice cars (well, the Hongqi is a bit outré). No wonder the Florida II was Battista’s favourite car.

  6. The full horror of BMC´s badge-engineering sinks in here. Where other maker had trim-levels L, DL, GL, GLS etc this bunch of cretins had a badge and a grille for each level up the trinkets and trim ladder. This and GM´s 1980s branding strategy are without doubt the most staggering examples of lousy brand stewardship and marketing idiocy.
    We´re nearly the same vintage, Eoin: I have no recollection of seeing these cars when I was trotting as child around Dublin. I ought to have been able to see decade old-cars around 1980-somthing. Even by then they must have seemed really archaic. As I have said before, a decade-old car in 1980 looked old, wrecked and outdated. To my eyes few 20 year old cars look that way. I´d have to go back a quarter century to start to view a car as being an obvious pensioner.

    1. The difference between BMC Farina models and GM in the 1980s is BMC saved money by using the same stampings except for hoods, while GM in the 1980’s had a bunch of cars that looked the same and the stampings were all actually different !

    2. Weren´t some of them very similar that way too. The Buick Century, Pontiac 6000, Olds Gutless Ciera had common panels; the Chevrolet Caprice and Buick Roadmaster would be another (later). I thought some 70s GM cars had sets of nigh-on twins and triplets with different front clips to distinguish them. I do think your point is clear, GM had all the disadvantages of badge engineering and managed to avoid the advantages. BMC acted as if they had given up. I wonder what drove them to think it made sense to offer marque-loyalists such obvious impostors.

    3. Richard, remember that the last of the A60s would only have been 10 years old in 1981. Admittedly they generally looked a good deal older by then, especially once the climate had taken its toll, but perhaps cars were changed more regularly in affluent Dublin than in the more impoverished Southern counties. But given the lack of vehicle testing at the time, as long as it could move under its own volition, it could be driven – within reason at least.

    4. “The Buick Century, Pontiac 6000, Olds Gutless Ciera had common panels;…”


      That’s the amazing thing. If you look at a 1987 Celebrity, 6000, Century, or Ciera the hood, trunk, front fenders, rear fenders, C pillars and maybe roof stamping are unique to each.

      I “think” the doors are the same, but even there, there are several shapes of the rear doors around the rear wheel arch that suggest maybe those stampings were different as well.

      It would have been madness to have different doors and door rings on cars that looked so similar.

      But it was GM in the 1980s, so almost anything is possible.

    5. Angel: And they tout commercial organisations as models of efficiency. My study of images of those cars was not thorough enough. Their approach to platform engineering could be contrasted with VAG´s and indeed GM´s later efforts. I suppose they were still learning.

    6. “Their approach to platform engineering could be contrasted with VAG´s and indeed GM´s later efforts. I suppose they were still learning.”

      Richard: for GM in the 1990s, if anything, they were even more inefficient. If you look at the 1996 Buick Lesabre and Park Avenue, Olds 88 and 98 and Pontiac Bonneville; those cars all shared the same wheelbase and still look pretty similar but the front fenders, hoods, rear quarters, trunks and roof are unique (Olds shared a hood).

      There are 3 sets of door skins (Old 88 and 98 shared, similar for the Buicks). However, the upper doors are not the same and those cars had a “uniside frame” with a single stamping for the door rings.

      The door rings are unique for all five cars !

      In addition, there are multiple versions of the inner reinforcements for the B pillars (???).

      It’s just madness !

      There is a story there of industrial scale waste, inefficiency and incompetence that extends across their platforms, well beyond what’s been documented about the GM10 W bodies.

    7. Angel, Those 1990s GM H and C-body cars were assembled in several different factories so they had to buy multiple sets of tooling anyway. And considering they were using CAD/CAM by this time, I don’t think it was unreasonable to make slightly different variants of fundamentally similar tooling. Likewise for the GM10/W-body cars.

    8. “…the olds Gutless Ciera…”
      Just had a look at my keyboard to see how close C is to G – I see what you did there! 😉

  7. ““In the steering layout the 15/60 differs widely from the earlier 15/50 model, which had a very accurate rack and pinion layout; a cam and lever design is now used.” The Autocar´s writers were quite subtle, weren´t they. I am sure the chaps in BMC House could decode that as “the steering is worse than on the outgoing car”. The question is, were readers too thick-witted to notice or is it more that these days we´d assume readers would be too slow to understand that is clear if implicit criticism. I mean to ask do we make the mistake of reading 1960s text with the assumptions we have of modern text? Today they´d just write “the new steering is not as good the outgoing car” or “the steering is twenty times worse than a tug-boat’s on a storm-force sea”.

    1. Richard, I think in those days the press lived in fear of alienating such a huge newly-formed industrial monolith, in case they were to pull their advertising. Especially one with a knight or peer at their head. This was probably as direct as they dared to be. Plus the editor was doubtless a gentleman, back when the appellation actually meant something. We Aussies had not yet come north to upset the publishing establishment with our irreverenvce and disregard for convention and class.

  8. Good morning, Eóin and Richard. I share your memories of ancient cars in rural Ireland in the 1970’s and 80’s, in my case Galway. It’s amazing what you could bodge with some bailer twine and a bit of imagination! Those Farina BMC models were absurdly outdated looking but still just about mobile, most with rotten sills, door bottoms, wheelarches and boot lid bottoms. The only panel that didn’t seem to rust was the roof. I remember an acquaintance of my family pop-riveting large pieces of aluminium to the lower bodysides, then slapping on the Isopon to hide the rivet heads and roughly approximate the shape of the disintegrating panel underneath, all to little avail as the rot progressed so quickly. Another acquaintance used copious amounts of chicken wire, rolled into tubes or spheres, to stuff the rotten cavities and provide something for the filler to adhere to.

    Richard, you make a good point about decade-old cars then compared to now. Then, they were mainly rust-buckets and clapped out mechanically. Now, most look perfectly fine, especially if well maintained. An elderly acquaintance of ours drives a T plate (1999/2000) Mk4 Golf and, apart from some minor parking stuffs, it still looks very respectable. It is regularly serviced by a local mechanic but, otherwise, receives no TCL.

    1. You can buy TCL in 300g cans from Allied Autospares. It´s very good indeed but hard to clean off concrete and asphalt so make sure you put down protective paper or plastic. It also smells awful and the smell lingers. I think it´s an epoxy compound.

    2. Daniel, those rust repair techniques were not an Irish specialty! I remember some of the car-care magazines at the time running how-to features advocating those techniques for rust repair – don’t ask me how they managed at MoT time! The chicken-wire especially, as I later used that technique on my Cortina’s sills. I was able to keep it for 25 years until the A-pillars rusted out at the bases.

  9. To put those Farina abominations into perspective with what was 10+ years old when they were new – those of us who were just beginning our car driving lives at the time looked on them with complete contempt and did everything we could to dissuade our parents from replacing ageing ZA Magnettes, Riley RMs and the like with such obvious parodies. The only Farinas to actually sell in reasonable numbers were Austins (always pronounced “Orstin”), particularly popular with Commercial Travellers because of their capacious boots (trunks) and mechanical endurance.

    We who were delighting in our Minis (not me – I thought the Imp far superior) encouraged our older relatives to buy Cortinas, even Victors and Minxes for heaven’s sake – anything but a BMC Farina! Or, if they could afford it, a Citroen DS. And we succeeded – Morris loyalists turned to Vauxhalls (wouldn’t be seen dead in a Ford), those who appreciated the engineering or driving qualities of their “proper” Rileys, MGs, Jowetts, Lea Francises . . . shook their heads and looked to France, Italy or Germany for replacements. And there you have the final decline of the British motor industry lurching off into the sunset. It could only get worse – and it did.

    1. Have you by any chance seen Archie Vicar´s review of the Imp which is available here on these pages? You might find it very interesting in the light of your remarks. The question is, how is it that Archie Vicar did not get a chance to review any of these BMC cars? The Vicar archive is huge and so far I have not come across any reference to these cars. How odd. It´s like a Bermuda Triangle of his career.

    1. Thank you Richard; an entertaining piece although slightly worrying – Mr Vicar’s imaginary distilleries (including one with the Irish spelling of ‘Loch’) have me wondering if he ever really managed to pack bottles of the stuff under the bonnet. Either that or he had felt the need to become pickled enough to erase the memories of very recently sampled BMC fare, hence the subsequent lack of reference to them? And he’d sobered up by the time he got to Caperdonich.

    2. John: I think you will find these distilleries did exist at some point. The “loch” must be a typo but there is Loch Lomond which is the local spelling. The Irish equivalent is Lough, pronounced the same way to rhyme with “knock”.

    3. John, speaking of imaginary distilleries, I’m in a local writing group, and our local Scotsman who is quite an aficionado of such things, just about had hysterics at my Glenmawhoopsie. 🙂

  10. I think there’s something clown-esque or circus-like about this car. I don’t know if it’s the two-tone paint job, the oversized fins or the round headlamps….

  11. Never been a fan of the prominent rear tail-fins on the BMC Farina B and C in general, out of curiosity what would an improved Farina B have needed to in order to better compete against the similarly styled Peugeot 404 and Fiat 1300/1500 that were both noted for being rugged solid well-engineered and good-to-drive as well as for their longevity outside of Western Europe?

  12. My goodness, the 15/60 really did look over-bodied and/or under-wheeled, thanks to the narrowness of its wheelbase. The wider track of the 16/60 certainly did improve its stance, as can be seen in the following comparative photos:

    I hadn’t previously noticed how the chrome ‘flash’ had been revised on the facelifted car to touch the headlamp bezel, so that it completely covered the seam beneath. I prefer the earlier treatment, which looks classier.

    1. That grill treatment, with side vents, gives it an air of Facel Vega….

  13. Of course they went with the worst of the two steering systems just because it was ‘theirs’ and not Nuffield. What a joke.

  14. Gerald Palmer expressed concerns about the Kadett A’s rear suspension design, which used longitudinal leaf springs with telescopic dampers steeply angled to assist with location. The main worry was that the only concession to resisting rotational forces was a single fixing from the torque tube to the crossmember. He cited problems with the ZB Magnette, which had a torque arm fitted to alleviate axle tramp, but still did not eliminate it. The Kadett’s rear suspension was also used, with minor variations, on the Viva HA and axle tramp was indeed a problem, despite both it and the Opel being very low-powered cars.

    This didn’t stop the Marina’s designers coming up with a rear suspension design which closely emulated the Viva HA’s but without the rotational force restraint refinements:

    The Autocar description of the time, suggests that the shock absorbers could have been staggered on opposite sides of the axle to reduce axle tramp “as in some recent otherwise conventional designs” – I’m thinking of the Ford Capri.

    Which has very little to do with the Farina mid-liners some of which filled the gap between the Magnette and Marina, except that their rear suspension was even more rudimentary. The drawing doesn’t show the lever-arm shock absorbers, but it doesn’t appear that they provided any location or torque resisting function.

    1. Robertas, I assume your B+W illustration is of the Marina, since the two-leaf spring looks familiar.
      ‘My’ Marina was about two years old when the drivers’ side spring broke – presumably the hole through the middle formed a weak spot, and the power of the ‘A’ series was just too much for it.

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